Chronology of the Jewish War, 66-70. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Army of Jerusalem defeated. 400. 1187 - the first pictorial evidence of counterweight driven trebuchets appeared in a military manual written for the military leader Saladin. "How geology came to help Alexander the Great", History of Alexander the Great of Macedonia, section 4.4.10-21, 2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siege_of_Tyre_(332_BC)&oldid=998786131, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 01:15. Nowadays it is the 4th main capital in Lebanon and has one of the state’s most important harbours. "Philip was born a Greek of the most aristocratic, indeed of divine, descent... Philip was both a Greek and a Macedonian, even as Demosthenes was a Greek and an Athenian...". Commanders. Original Scan. ), on his way towards Egypt, led his Macedonian troops to victory at Sidon and continued south towards Tyre. With his new fleet, Alexander's forces sailed on Tyre and quickly blockaded both ports with its superior numbers. Tyre fell to the Christian crusader King Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem. A Brief History. 356 B.C. Timeline for the Knights Templar by Mystic Realms. no wages . . Background. The Siege of Tyre took place from January to July 332 BC during the Wars of Alexander the Great (335-323 BC). The Siege of Acre During the siege of Acre two large trebuchets were used by Philip II Oct 7, 1475. Cigarette cards. It was an island surrounded by walls on all sides. As this precluded a naval assault, Alexander consulted his engineers for other options. 129-131. Therefore, Alexander constructed two towers 50 m (160 ft) high and moved them to the end of the causeway. As his naval strength swelled, Alexander was able to blockade Tyre's two harbors. 332 BC: The siege of Tyre … The routes taken by Richard and Philip through Italy to Messina in Sicily. The early phases of construction went smoothly as the city's defenders were unable to strike at the Macedonians. Following the capture of Tyre, Alexander moved south to attack Gaza. Episode Events. 344 BC: The Cypriot rebellion was crushed by Artaxerxes III. A second attempt at negotiation resulted in Alexander's representatives being killed and then thrown from the walls into the sea. January-July [August] - Siege of Tyre. Permalink. 7th century BC. Under orders to slay the inhabitants, only those who took refuge in the city's shrines and temples were spared. See the timeline below for more information. Summer. Alexander the Great conquered Tyre. It is one of the earliest cities of Phoenicia and is first found on the Biblical Timeline around 2300 BC. Genre. Not that he actually failed in the siege (JEROME expressly states, from … 331 - Founds Alexandria. Angered and eager to reduce Tyre, Alexander was faced with the challenge of attacking an island city. Tyre. On April 28, 1192, the Hashshashin (Assassins) assassinated Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, just two days after his title to the throne was confirmed by election. Refitting several ships with catapults and battering rams, he ordered them anchored near the city. Eventually the Tyrians were defeated, their walls penetrated, and Alexander’s forces entered the city and devastated it. How to make a timeline? Wars of Alexander the Great: Siege of Tyre Siege of Tyre - Conflict & Dates:. [17] The others, some 30,000 people, were sold into slavery. Tyre fell to the Christian crusader King Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem. Siege of Tyre ends : Autumn. Constructing a special fire ship, which was weighted down aft to raise the bow, the Tyrians attacked the end of the mole. Tyrian envoys met with Alexander and assured him that their city was at his disposal (332 B.C.). September-October - Siege of Gaza. for the service--that is, in proportion to it and the time and labor which he expended on the siege of Tyre. 338 - Alexander helps his father win the Battle of Chareona. Siege of Zevgminon Oct 7, 1191. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. 331 BC. This was refused and the Tyrians declared themselves neutral in Alexander's conflict with the Persians. Approaching Tyre, Alexander attempted to gain access by requesting permission to make a sacrifice at the city's Temple of Melkart (Hercules). The citizens of Tyre fought desperately during a seven-month siege. With the mole nearly reaching the Tyre, Alexander ordered catapults forward which began bombarding the city walls. The fire spread quickly, engulfing both towers and other siege equipment that had been brought up. Was Alexander the Great a Greek? Type of Resource. July 29 [August] - Fall of Tyre. The Tyrian ships swarmed the pier, destroying any siege equipment that hadn’t caught fire, and driving off Macedonian crews who were trying to put out the fires. His name, from the Akkadian Nabu-kudurri-uṣur, means “O Nabu, watch over my heir.”. The Siege of Tyre was orchestrated by Alexander the Great in 332 BC during his campaigns against the Persians. Discussion I. Nebuchadnezzar’s Siege Of Tyre A. VIII. Winter - Oracle of Siwa allegedly confirms divinity of Alexander. 1. It was quickly found that the water between the mainland and the city was relatively shallow until shortly before the city walls. "Siege of Tyre." The Macedonian army was unable to capture the city, which was a strategic coastal base on the Mediterranean Sea, through conventional means because it … November 25: He leaves (Babylon). Instead of attacking the Tyrians, he chose to march directly to the city, which he immediately took by force surprising its remaining garrison. Again winning a victory, he marched in Egypt where he was welcomed and proclaimed pharaoh. The Siege of Tyre . Alexander is said to have personally taken part in the attack on the city, fighting from the top of a siege tower. Masada. [17] Once his troops forced their way into the city, they easily overtook the garrison, and quickly captured the city. The Tyrian's recognised this as a Macedonian ploy to occupy the city and refused, saying instead that Alexander was welcome to sacrifice to Heracles in old Tyre, which was built upon the mainland. Tyre and quickly blockaded both ports with its superior numbers to occur during the siege of Tyre ends. 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